Tirukku?a? is a classic Tamil text consisting of 1,330 couplets or Kurals, dealing with the everyday virtues of an individual.
Traditionally praised as “the Universal Veda” and “the Universal Code of Conduct,”] the Kural emphasizes on the vital principles of nonviolence, moral vegetarianism, human brotherhood, absence of desires, path of righteousness and truth, and so forth, besides covering a wide range of subjects such as moral codes of rulers, friendship, agriculture, knowledge and wisdom, sobriety, love, and domestic life
Authors influenced by the Kural include Leo Tolstoy, Mahatma Gandhi, Albert Schweitzer, Monsieur Ariel, Constantius Joseph Beschi, Karl Graul, August Friedrich Caemmerer, Nathaniel Edward Kindersley, Francis Whyte Ellis, Charles E. Gover, George Uglow Pope, Vinoba Bhave, Alexander Piatigorsky, A. P. J. Abdul Kalam, and Yu Hsi.
It is one of the two oldest works now extant in Tamil literature in their entirety