Disability and Education

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Not surprisingly, disabled children may have fewer educational opportunities. But there is also some evidence that suggests that less education itself leads to higher disability rates, for example, through lower access to health care, higher-risk jobs or unsafe health-related behaviors. In the majority of cases, adults with disabilities were not disabled as children. More information about this topic you can check in this article https://ukessay.com/dissertation-proposal. Adult disability prevalence rates in low- and middle- income countries, for instance, are far higher than childhood disability, on average, about 18 per cent compared with about 5 per cent for children (WHO and World Bank 201 1). For disabled adults who were not disabled as children, education-level differences suggest that the lack of education somehow has an impact on disability.


In this context, KC and Lentzner (2010) looked into the education disability gradient in low-income countries, using World Health Surveys from 70 countries.

They found that for adults over age 30 in Africa, the odds of being disabled for women and men with no education is 1 .9 and 1 .8 times higher, respectively, than for women and men with secondary education and higher. In Asia, women with no education were 3.8 times more likely to be disabled than women with secondary education and higher, and men were almost twice as likely to be disabled. In the most extreme case, in Latin America, women with no education are 4.7 times more likely to report being disabled than women with secondary education.

Empowerment and civic engagement

Higher education levels lead to higher empowerment and civic engagement. The EFA Global Monitoring Report 2013/4 (UNESCO 2014) presents a number of study results that highlight the importance of education for empowerment and civic engagement, including the understanding of and support for democracy, participation in civic life, tolerance for people of a different race or religion, and concern for the environment and adaptation to climate change.

Resilience and social cohesion


Education is crucial for fostering more cohesive societies and mending the social fabric that may have been damaged by years of conflict and violence. Education can help children, communities and systems become resilient against conflict and disasters by building capacities and skills that will enable them to manage and resolve tensions and conflict peacefully (UNICEF 2014). Education can also help address the inequalities that generate conflict. Education is arguably the single most transformative institution when it is equitable, of good quality, relevant and conflict-sensitive. It is central to identity formation, promotes inclusion and contributes to state building. Most importantly, equity in education leads to conflict-risk reduction: In 55 low- and middle-income countries, where the level of educational inequality doubled, 10 the probability of conflict more than doubled, from 3.8 per cent to 9.5 per cent (UNESCO 2014).

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