Research Method

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The study employs case study qualitative research design where in-depth research will be done in exploring how SBA helps in cultivating critical thinking skill in students. This research design is used to study a case in its natural context and the aim of it is not to infer findings from a sample to a population but to produce patterns and linkages of theoretical importance. Read also more information in this article https://samedaypapers.com/ and you will be able to learn more about this topic. Case study differs from ethnography as it has the component of the proposition and not everything is collected and in the study, the proposition being explored is the critical thinking skills of students in SBA. 

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A primary school in Gombak district was selected in the study. Six primary school teachers who have experience in conducting SBA were interviewed to find out their views on SBA; their methods of assessment and their perceptions on how the assessment could enhance critical thinking skills in students. An interview protocol was designed for the interview. The approach suggested that the interviewer has an outline of topics or issue to be covered but is free to vary the wordings and order of the questions to some extent. Semi-structured interview for in-depth information was done for 30 to 45 minutes. Probing was also done again and again to make sure the saturation level met. Data were transcribed and analyzed according to configured and emerging themes. Along with interviews, assessment tools or instruments as physical artifact were also analyzed to clearly identify its usefulness in promoting critical thinking skills. 

A few themes emerged from the document analysis as well as the interview. The reporting of the findings is based on DCR technique, Describe, Compare and Relate, where the author described the findings, compare and relate to relevant past literature. Document Analysis: Higher-order thinking skills (HOTS) questions. 

The documents of assessment tools were analyzed and it was found questions inserted in the documents were asking students to analyze, to interpret, to solve problems, to make inferences as well as to ask students to reason. This is evident, where pictures of situations were given to students, and students need to analyze the situation, interpret it, and only when they can understand the situation, they are capable of answering the question. Those questions are for English language subject, which also demands students to write in full sentence. This requires the ability to use language as well.

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