The aid to secure codeCity: Static testing is a methodology of testing the code at the development stage rather than the run time. The earlier software development life cycles followed the run time testing of codes. This proved to be more time consuming as well as ineffective in countering hacks. It failed to identify and plug security loopholes in the application as a result of which it was left vulnerable to hackers who could easily gain access.
Hence, statics code review has emerged as an important step to counter cyber security threats. It is like foreseeing all possible threats and vulnerabilities at the time of building the application itself. This leaves little scope for those who try to hack the application. Static testing is also known as source code analysis as the testing happens at the source code level. A whole host of tools for code reviewi s now available to ensure that the security leaks in the applications are minimized to the maximum extent.
Static testing tools
Almost all static testing tools work on the same principle. Many of the prevalent tools can be integrated into the Integrated Development Environment (IDE) itself for ease of use and better results. It is important to catch all possible vulnerabilities at an early stage and take measures to counter them at that time. Most industry experts advocate the usage of these tools as an effective measure to curb the menace of cyber-attacks.
The various issues that the tools for code review can help with are deviations from expected coding standards, any requirements that got missed out, defects in design, unused code, structural defects in the code, dependency analysis etc. Most of the security flaws used by hackers to gain entry are found to be at the application level itself. Various security checks are implemented at the network level, which counters the hacking mechanisms. Hence, application security cannot be ignored.
The choice of the static testing tool is dependent on the kind of application being built and the language or the IDE used. Using statics code review methodologies helps in building robust and resilient applications. When the static testing tools are made a part of the built environment, it helps the developers to a great extent. Sometimes, the simplest of issues may be overlooked. Also in dynamic testing, there is a chance that many parts of the code may not get tested. Static testing ensures that the complete code is scanned for all possible issues that are listed in the scanner database.
Advantages: The advantages of static testing are many. It helps in productivity increase through the reduction in rework. The code quality and the software quality, improve to a great extent. This reduces the chances of succumbing to any kind of malicious hacking attacks. Coding standards are automatically implemented across the organization. It also helps in making teams more knowledgeable about the potential threats and the measures to counter them. Apart from the time and money benefits, good robust applications also aid in gaining and maintaining a solid reputation.