When you have type 2 diabetes (or still suspecting if you have it), you need to know the results of your laboratory tests. These tests will help you keep track on your illness and find out other ways to manage it better.
Diabetes is not just about your blood sugar levels. To stay healthy, there are several measurements that you need to undertake to help you manage diabetes and lower your risk of further complications. By keeping a record of these results, they will help you and your doctor formulate an effective diabetes care plan for you.
Your doctor will base your treatment plan based on these health indicators below.
Blood Glucose Levels
This is the most popular measurement of type 2 diabetes. Testing your blood glucose every day allows you to determine the foods and activities that affect your blood glucose levels on a daily basis.
The American Diabetes Association recommends you to aim for the following glucose levels.
Before meals – 70 to 130 mg/dl
One to two hours after a meal – 180mg/dl
To help you stay within the range, make sure that you follow a well-rounded diet that consists of healthy whole foods. Eat meals and snacks at a consistent time and if your blood sugar levels are not properly controlled, see your physician right away. They will help you adjust your medication if you are already taking any.
If you are still unsure whether you have diabetes or not and would love to uncover the truth about the big diabetes lie, here is a list of the three different plasma glucose tests and their corresponding results. This will determine whether you are within the healthy/normal range, prediabetic, or full-blown diabetic.
Random Plasma Glucose Test
Normal: Below 200 mg/dl
Diabetic: 200 mg/dl or more
Fasting Plasma Glucose Test
Normal: Below 108 mg/dl
Prediabetic: 108 to 125 mg/dl
Diabetic: 126 mg/dl or more
Normal: Below 140 mg/dl
Prediabetic: 140 to 199 mg/dl
Diabetic: 200 mg/dl or more
Since high blood glucose and high blood pressure can damage your kidneys, your doctor will test you for microalbumin. This is a test conducted to check or measure the amount of albumin (protein) in your urine. It helps your doctor determine the state of your kidneys.
To keep your microalbumin results within normal range, it is important that you stay healthy and follow all the guidelines in reversing diabetes. In this way, you can prevent many other problems associated with diabetes.
Diabetics should get their blood pressure checked several times a year. Diabetics are at a higher risk of developing heart diseases and high blood pressure is an early warning sign you should never neglect. You need to maintain a blood pressure of 140/80 and regulate your diet more by cutting back on salt. Quit vices like drinking alcohol or smoking cigarettes.
This is a blood test usually given at your doctor’s appointment. A1C measures your average blood glucose levels over the past two to three months. The results of this test basically gives you a picture of well your blood sugar has been responding to your diabetes treatment plant.
A1C level is typically given two to four times a year. For patients with a higher A1C score of 7%, your doctor will most discuss about your treatment plans and will look into the prospect of making a few changes to it.
Healthy lifestyle choices like exercising regularly and staying active contributes to a low A1C levels. So make sure to incorporate exercises to your daily schedule and stay active as much as you can.
Cholesterol deposits in your arteries can cause atherosclerosis and stroke. This makes testing for cholesterol an important step in determining your risk for heart disease.
As diabetics are twice to four times at risk of coronary disease compared to a non-diabetic, maintaining a healthy cholesterol level is important to avoid any heart-related problems.
100mg/dl of low density lipoprotein (LDL cholesterol/ bad cholesterol) is ideal, while your high density lipoprotein (HDL cholesterol/ good cholesterol) should be 40mg/dl and above. Triglycerides (fat), that usually appears as “TAG” in many test results, should be less than 150mg/dl.
If your cholesterol levels are out of the healthy range, your doctor will likely recommend you to exercise and lose weight.
Aside from your blood glucose levels, there are other health indicators to look at for you to manage your diabetes as orderly as possible. Keep a record of all the tests you underwent to determine how well you have been responding to your treatments.