Imagine your kidneys are like vacuum cleaners. They draw out all the waste and toxins from your body and blood leaving it hygienic and disease free. When it comes to cleaning and maintaining a balance in your body, they are the all-rounder organ. It is not only responsible for the purification of the blood and the removal of waste products, but also plays a key role in balancing the electrolytes, controlling your blood pressure and stimulating the production of red blood cells.
Since kidneys play a vital role in the cleansing function of your body, damaging this organ can be a cause of trouble. Very often, we may be susceptible to kidney failure without even knowing it. Kidney failure can occur either due to an acute situation that damages the organ or because of some chronic disease that slowly stops the functioning of the kidney. In such case, both kidneys are acutely affected. If this is the case, the only definite way to cure the patient is via a kidney transplant. Kidney transplant in India has rapidly advanced due to development in the fields of medical training and research.
Here are some of the causes of kidney failure:
· Decreased Blood Supply to the Kidney – This could occur due to a heart attack, heart diseases, dehydration, sepsis, scarring of the liver tissue or liver failure.
· Urine Elimination Problems – This can be caused due to some cancers such as prostate, colon, cervical or bladder. Other causes may include kidney stones, nerve damage, blood clots or an enlarged prostate.
There are many more diseases and problems that can affect your kidney, however, the above are broadly the most prominent ones.
Once kidney failure is apparent, the next step would be to prevent any further deterioration. In order to do so, here are some ways to cure kidney failure:
· Diet – For those with impaired kidney function, it is important to monitor your diet. Your kidneys cannot remove excess water, salt or potassium from the blood. Therefore, by consulting a dietician you can evaluate the foods you can or cannot eat, preferably those which are low in salt. Foods rich in potassium such as bananas, yogurt, spinach, avocado, sweet potatoes etc should also be consumed in smaller quantities.
· Dialysis – This is a procedure wherein you can rid your body of waste and toxins by using filter systems. Surgically inserted fistulas or catheters allow the machines to organically clean and filter the blood. The process acts as a fake kidney, ridding the body of its toxins and balancing the blood flow. For extreme cases, the dialysis occurs thrice a week.
· Transplantation – This is a last resort measure. In case the kidney failure has escalated to a level where it is irreparable, the only solution would be a kidney transplant. Although now transplantation has become a routine procedure, it still carries the risk of your body rejecting the donor kidney. For this purpose, you will have to consume anti-rejection pills. The kidney transplant offers a better quality of life compared to dialysis and therefore is preferred.